Socio Demographic characteristics of children with Mental Retardation In the Israeli Arab Population
Mitchell Schertz1, Ashraf Akawi1,2, Muhammad Mahajna2
1- Child Development & Pediatric Neurology Service - Northern Region, Meuhedet, Haifa, Israel
2- Institute for Child Development, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, ISREAL
Prevalence of Mental retardation(MR) in children of Israeli Arab ethnicity is almost twice as high as that of Israeli Jews1. Sociodemographic characteristics have been implicated with increased risk of having MR. However limited data is available from this population.
To examine the socio-demographic characteristic of children with MR of unknown cause of Israeli Arab ethnicity
Retrospective chart review from two child development centers of all children seen between years 2010-2012 with MR (MDI < 50, Full Scale IQ<70). Children with known genetic syndromes were excluded.
Thirty children (21 boys, mean-age-years 1.09±1.43) were identified who at diagnosis had an MDI <50 in 26(86.67%) and FSIQ<70 in 4(scores of 46,60,63,67). Gestational age (weeks): 37.90±4.51 with 8(26.67%) < 37 weeks, Birth weight (grams): 3000.77±845.52 with 7(23.33%)<2500 grams.
Marriage status: 28 (93.3%) married. 1 divorced (3.3%), 1 single parent (3.3%). Consanguinity: None 23(76.6%), first degree relative 3(10%), second/third degree 4(13.3%). Number of children in family 2.6±1.10, Birth order: Single child-4(13.3%), first born-9(30%), middle-6(20%), youngest-11(36.1%). 14(46.6%) of siblings had a disability.
Notable paternal unemployment, consanguinity and sibling disability were seen in this cohort. Further exploration of these sociodemographic characteristics is essential in understanding and reducing the high incidence of MR in the Israeli Arab population.
1. בן שמחון מירי, בן אליהו משה, גורבטוב רנטה. אנשים עם מגבליות - חלק א:אנשים עם פיגור שכלי. משרד הרווחה 2009.