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דף הבית >> ארכיון כנסים >> כנס "תחת קורת גג אחת" 2014 >> תקצירים ומצגות >> אוטיזם 2 >> Prevalence of Autism in an Israeli Population

Prevalence of Autism in an Israeli

Population


Mitchell. Schertz, Yoram Zandhaus, Hagit Itach, Jeffrey Lowengrub, Jacob Genizi, Shiri Gordon- Feliks, Benjamin.Glick
 
 
Background-
Autism prevalence has been increasing over the past decade. Worldwide prevalence has been reported around 1% in contrast to a recent report from Israel reported a prevalence of 0.48% for children 1-12 years of age. This discrepancy warrants further examination of the epidemiology of ASD in Israel. 

Aim-
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of ASD amongst the Meuhedet, one of four health maintenance organizations in Israel. 
 
 
Methods-
Meuhedet maintains a registry of children diagnosed with ASD from age 0-18.0 years inclusive that includes associated demographic and regional data. Diagnosis was determined either by the regional child developmental center.as per DSM IV criteria in 65% of the cases or by primary care physician. Regional and countrywide prevalence rates were calculated.
 
Results-
Prevalence rates (per thousand) that included diagnoses by primary care physicians were as follows: South 8, Jerusalem 6.8, Center 8, North 3.9. Prevalnce rates (per thousand) that included diagnoses verified by the Child Development and Neurology Service were as follows: South 6.1, Jerusalem 4.4, Center 5,4, North 2.5
 
Conclusions-
Our Prevalence rates our consistent with recent reports of a lower prevalence of ASD in Israel compared to worldwide and particular USA rates. Significant regional variation was noted with particular finding of a significant lower rate in northern Israel that was specifically associated with a lower rate in the Israel Arab population there.
 
 
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